Dating usa muslims affairs
According to tradition, he was supposedly commanded by Allah to convey this message to the people, and to be patient with those hostile to it.These included the leaders of the Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca, who opposed the assertion of tawhid (monotheism) and abolishing what Muhammed branded "idolatry", meaning the worship of gods other than Allah at the Kaaba, such as Hubal and the goddesses al-Lāt, Al-‘Uzzá and Manāt.The Arab Muslims were unable to conquer the entire Christian Byzantine Empire in Asia Minor, however.The succeeding Umayyad Caliphate attempted two failed sieges of Constantinople in 674–678 and 717–718.Tin-opacified glazing was one of the earliest new technologies developed by the Islamic potters.The first Islamic opaque glazes can be found as blue-painted ware in Basra, dating to around the 8th century.To browse our reports and data by subject, select from the list below.Each subject page collects all our reports published since 1983.
The following First, Second and Third Fitnas and finally the Abbasid Revolution (746–750) also definitively destroyed the political unity of the Muslims, who have been inhabiting multiple states ever since.
Subsequent empires dominated by Muslims, such as those of the Abbasids, Fatimids, Almoravids, Seljukids, Ajuran, Adal and Warsangali in Somalia, Mughals in the Indian subcontinent (India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan e.t.c), Safavids in Persia and Ottomans in Anatolia, were among the influential and distinguished powers in the world.
19th-century colonialism and 20th-century decolonisation have resulted in several independent Muslim-majority states around the world, with vastly differing attitudes towards and political influences granted to, or restricted for, Islam from country to country.
The major Islamic capital cities of Baghdad, Cairo, and Córdoba became the main intellectual centers for science, philosophy, medicine, and education.
During this period, the Muslim world was a collection of cultures; they drew together and advanced the knowledge gained from the ancient Greek, Roman, Persian, Chinese, Indian, Egyptian, and Phoenician civilizations.